In 2000, a recovery plan was published to "improve the North Atlantic right whale's long-term chances for survival" 1. The recovery plan drafting team was co-chaired by representatives from Fisheries and Oceans Canada and World Wildlife Fund. To achieve their goal, the plan proposed five different strategies:
• Reduce mortality and injury related to vessel strikes
• Reduce the frequency and severity of entanglement in fishing gear
• Minimize disturbance caused by human activities
• Reduce exposure to chemical contamination and other forms of habitat degradation
• Monitor the population and conduct research needed to better understand and address ongoing threats
The proposed strategies have led to the implementation of a number of stewardship measures to reduce right whale mortalities and provided the framework to prioritize research and education programs in Canada.
Canadian recovery plan idea first suggested in Kraus and Brown 6.
Fisheries Act - Marine Mammal Regulations.
Concept of a recovery plan further developed by Brown et al. 7.
World Wildlife Fund Canada and Fisheries and Oceans Canada co-sponsor the establishment of a Canadian Right Whale Recovery Team and the joint publication of a recovery plan in the absence of any legislative requirement.
North Atlantic Right Whale Recovery Team is created.
Recovery Plan is published jointly by WWF and DFO.
Species at Risk Act (SARA) proclaimed.
The North Atlantic Right Whale is added to Schedule I of the Species at Risk Act as endangered.
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